Tularemia is caused by a bacteria.
The most common animals infected are rabbits and hares but a
variety of rodents and carnivores or birds can harbor the
illness. Transmission to humans is through tick bites usually,
but can also occur through ingestion of poorly cooked meat,
inhalation of airborne excrement, or bites. The liver of an
infected animal is often covered with white spots. Human
symptoms include a painful ulcer at the sight of exposure with
painful swollen glands and fever.
Plague is caused by
bacteria. It is most often transmitted to humans through fleas.
The disease is carried by many small rodents especially rats
There are three types of plague, each having their own
- Bubonic Plague - Enlargement of the
lymph nodes, fever, headache, drainage at exposure site.
- Pneumonic Plague - Symptoms make their presence known in the
lungs and plural cavity, which can cause death if not treated.
- Septicemia - Bacteria is present in the blood and affects
the heart, liver and other body organs. Most late stages of
bubonic and pneumonic plague will progress to septicemia if not
Salmonella is a bacterial disease caused by the
accidental ingestion of the bacteria through contamination of
water, food and hands. This disease is infectious with a
significant threat to humans. All mammals are susceptible to
this disease. Symptoms include cranipy, abdominal pain, nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea and fever.
Shigella is a bacterial
disease caused by the accidental ingestion of bacteria through
contamination of water, food and hands. Symptoms include
abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease evident in beaver and
muskrats and is prevalent throughout the United States. It is
highly infectious and dangerous to humans. It is transmitted
through direct contact with contaminated fur, internal organs,
body fluids, water, blood and insect bites. The symptoms include
flu-like headache, fever, in addition to white spots on liver,
spleen, lymph nodes and kidneys upon medical examination.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease which occurs worldwide
and is common in weasels, badger, skunk, cattle, and deer. It is
transmitted through inhalation of bacterial droplets from
infected animals. Symptoms are a productive cough, fever and enlarged lymph nodes.