Montana Trappers Association

Working Today For a Tomorrow in Trapping.
Furbearers Are A Natural Renewable Resource.

Furbearer Management

Myths and Facts


MYTH: Furbearers are being trapped to extinction.

FACT: Due to the huge successes of furbearer management in this century, and in spite of declining habitat, furbearers are abundant. No endangered species are threatened by trapping.

 

 

MYTH: Furbearers should be totally protected so that there are more animals for all to enjoy.

FACT: If man does not control the annual excesses of furbearers, natural controls will. The quality of the available habitat controls the number of survivors during stressful conditions, and the rapid reproductive rates of most furbearers produce an annual surplus that can either be harvested and enjoyed or totally wasted.

 

 

MYTH: Natural controls of wild furbearers is kinder and preferable to harvests by man.

FACT: Natural controls are not kind, and certainly not as kind as hunting and trapping methods. Each furbearing species has needs for food, space, protection and suitable denning sites. Therefore each species must compete aggressively with others of its kind to survive. Dense populations cause weakening stresses and multiplies opportunities for disease transmissions. It is a fact that many natural diseases have devastating impacts upon malnourished or otherwise stressed species.

 

FACT: Even healthy appearing furbearers carry disease germs in resting or latent forms, and these diseases are often triggered by stressful conditions.

 

 

MYTH: Harvesting has no effect upon furbearer diseases.

FACT: All furbearing species have regularly used territories during significant times of the year, usually when they are raising their young. If the population is too dense, these natural territories abut, overlap, and are reduced in size. The resulting close and frequent contact yields opportunities for many diseases to spread rapidly in a chain-like reaction.

 

FACT: Properly managed furbearers have adequate territory sizes, and space between territories. This greatly reduces or eliminates the possibility of rapid disease transmissions.

 

 

MYTH: Furbearer diseases are really not a problem.

FACT: Furbearer diseases are huge problems. Scientists now believe that more red foxes die of sarcoptic mange than are killed with the combination of guns, traps, and vehicle traffic. Livestock and pet diseases such as distemper, mange and heartworm are incubated and spread by a variety of furbearers. Tularemia, giardiasis, rabies and a number of tapeworms are also a threat to humans as these contagious health problems multiply in stressed furbearers.

 

 

MYTH: Furbearers are managed to exploit and profit from the species.

FACT: Goals of furbearer management combine to encourage a proper balance of all wildlife species. For example, good muskrat and nutria management practices control populations of these furbearers before they expand to the point that wetlands are destroyed as suitable habitat for shore and songbirds, waterfowl, mollusks and fishes. Predatory species are far less apt to prey upon livestock, farm fowl, and pets when their populations are in control.

 

 

MYTH: Furbearer management is less than scientific.

FACT: Although wildlife is secretive and true numbers can never be known, a number of dependable tools are used by biologists to monitor population trends. These include aerial surveys of muskrat and beaver loges, night spotlighting and scent station surveys, and trapper and fur buyer records. One increasingly important furbearer management tool is the computer. With the input of harvest data, computers can now monitor the status of wild species more accurately than ever before.

 

 

MYTH: Trapping isn't management because trappers mainly target the most profitable species.

FACT: Although trappers tend to target the most profitable species, many other species are also taken as secondary targets. An example is the millions of striped skunks caught annually in traps set for foxes and coyotes. This has a significant impact as skunks are not deliberately harvested by other methods, and unchecked skunk populations have devastating impacts upon waterfowl and ground nesting bird productions.

 

 

MYTH: Farm animals demonstrate that furbearers could also live in greater population densities.

FACT: Farm animals in constant contact with others of their own kind must be constantly monitored, fed, vaccinated or medicated to prevent and control disease outbreaks.

 

 

MYTH: Trapping is a cruel method to control furbearer populations.

FACT: Trapping is far less cruel than any practical or known alternative method. It's important to realize the majority of furbearers must die during the span of one year, and the natural controls of starvation, predation, disease, or exposure and hypothermia result without deliberate harvests. Regulated trapping allows for removal of surplus numbers before the entire species is stressed, and this allows survivors adequate space, food, protection and denning sites with a much better opportunity for reasonable health and happiness.

 

 

MYTH: Trapping conflicts with animal welfare.

FACT: Trapping is animal welfare because the majority of furbearers and the wildlife they interact with is benefited.

 

FACT: If sportsmen did not trap, animal welfare would require the states to kill millions of furbearers annually to balance the habitat and reduce animal disease outbreaks.

 

 

MYTH: Modem farming and ranching practices prevent damage by predators or other furbearers.

FACT: Many millions of dollars worth of private property is lost each year to predation. In western states alone, predation (even with harvests) approaches $100 million each year. Many millions more in damages are caused annually by beavers flooding timber and roads, muskrats destroying dikes, etc.

 

 

MYTH: Trapping is not effective controlling animal diseases because only healthy animals are caught.

FACT: Many infected furbearers are contagious and mobile for long periods before death occurs. Since many species share underground dens, viruses can spread rapidly. While trapping will not eradicate diseases, the result is trapping provides more opportunity for animals to be healthy and resist diseases.

 

 

MYTH: It would be best to allow natural controls to stabilize furbearer populations.

FACT: Without the stabilizing effect of management, furbearer populations fluctuate wildly from long periods of very low populations to very brief periods of overpopulation. Recognized by biologists as population dynamic "S" curves, the high densities at the top of the S curve are very brief. The bottoms of the S curves are much longer, often taking years before reasonable numbers recover.

 

 

MYTH: Trapping threatens baby animals causing them to die when their parents are harvested.

FACT: Virtually all furbearers are born in the spring.

Did You Know?

Jim Bridger (1804-1881). Trapper, scout, mountain man. One of first white men to see the future Yellowstone Park and Great Salt Lake, which he believed to be an arm of the Pacific Ocean. Became partner of Rocky Mountain Fur Company in 1830 and established Fort Bridger in Wyoming Territory in 1842. Laid out routes for the Central Overland Stage and Pike's Peak Express Company. Returned to Missouri in 1867 where died on his farm on July 17, 1881.

 

Rendezvous were held on a yearly basis at various locations until 1840, mainly in Wyoming, but Pierre's Hole in Idaho and Bear Lake in northwest Utah were favorite sites as well.

 

Fort Manuel Lisa was established in 1807 by Manuel Lisa at the mouth of the Big Horn River near Hysham. This was the first permanent settlement in Montana and was occupied until 1811.

 

John Jacob Astor was the first prominent member of the Astor family and the first multi-millionaire in the US. He amassed his wealth through fur-trading, opium smuggling, and New York City real estate. Famed patron of the arts. At the time of his death, he was the wealthiest person in the US.

 

In 1919, the Hudson’s Bay Company was approaching its 250th year in business. What began in a coffee house in London, in 1670, had now grown to become the undisputed leader of the international fur trade.

 

The desire for beaver fur hats in European men’s fashions dates back centuries and spurred the development of the 17th century North American fur trade. Beaver fur was the most prized of the fur trade because of its water repellant qualities. Encouraged by European trade goods, natives hunted beaver to extinction in some areas.